The experiences of many web users harassment—from garden-variety name calling to more threatening behavior— is a common part of online life that colors.

Overview of Findings

completely 73% of adult individuals have experienced somebody be harassed for some reason on the internet and 40% have actually individually skilled it, based on a survey that is new the Pew Research Center.

Pew Research asked participants about six various types of online harassment. Those who witnessed harassment said they’d seen one or more regarding the occur that is following others online:

  • 60% of internet surfers stated that they had witnessed some body being called unpleasant names
  • 53% had seen efforts to embarrass someone purposefully
  • 25% had seen some body being actually threatened
  • 24% witnessed someone being harassed for the sustained duration of the time
  • 19% stated they witnessed some body being sexually harassed
  • 18% stated that they had seen somebody be stalked

Those people who have personally experienced harassment that is online these people were the target of at the very least among the following on line:

  • 27% of online users have now been called names that are offensive
  • 22% have experienced someone make an effort to purposefully embarrass them
  • 8% have already been actually threatened
  • 8% have now been stalked
  • 7% have already been harassed for the sustained period
  • 6% have now been intimately harassed

In Pew Research Center’s very first study specialized in the topic, two distinct but overlapping types of online harassment happen to internet surfers. The very first collection of experiences is significantly less serious: it provides name-calling and embarrassment. It really is a layer of annoyance so common that people who see or experience it state they frequently ignore it.

Of these who’ve been harassed online, 55% (or 22% of all of the internet surfers) have actually solely skilled the “less severe” types of harassment while 45% (or 18% of all of the internet surfers) have actually dropped victim to virtually any regarding the “more serious” forms of harassment. On line harassment has a tendency to happen to various teams in various surroundings with various individual and repercussions that are emotional.

The data show that men are more likely to experience name-calling and embarrassment, while young women are particularly vulnerable to sexual harassment and stalking in broad trends. Social networking is considered the most typical scene of both forms of harassment, although males highlight online video gaming and responses parts as other areas they typically encounter harassment. People who solely encounter less severe types of harassment report less emotional or individual effects, while individuals with more serious harassment experiences frequently report much more serious psychological tolls.

Key findings

That is harassed: Age and sex are many closely from the connection with on the web harassment. Among online grownups:

Teenagers, those 18-29, are far more likely than just about every other demographic team to see online harassment. Completely 65% of young internet surfers have now been the goal with a minimum of one of several six aspects of harassment which were queried within the study. Those types of 18-24, the proportion is 70%.

Women, those 18-24, encounter particular severe forms of harassment at disproportionately high amounts: 26percent of those women have now been stalked online, and 25% had been the mark of online harassment that is sexual. In addition, they don’t escape the heightened prices of real threats and sustained harassment common for their male peers and young adults generally speaking.

General, men are notably much more likely than ladies to have one or more associated with the elements of on the web harassment, 44% vs. 37%. With regards to certain experiences, guys are much more likely than females to come across name-calling, embarrassment, and real threats.

Beyond those demographic teams, those whose everyday lives are specifically entwined aided by the internet report experiencing greater prices of harassment on line. This can include those individuals who have more info available themselves online for their job, and those who work in the digital technology industry about them online, those who promote.

Ladies and adults that are young much more likely than the others to have harassment on social media marketing. Men—and teenagers in particular—were more prone to report online video gaming as the newest web web site of the harassment.

Reactions to online harassment: those types of that have skilled harassment that is online 60% decided to ignore their latest event while 40% took actions to answer it. People who taken care of immediately their many incident that is recent online harassment took listed here actions:

  • 47% of the whom taken care of immediately their many present event with online harassment confronted the individual online
  • 44% unfriended or obstructed the individual accountable
  • 22% russian brides reported the individual accountable into the site or service that is online
  • 18% talked about the nagging problem online to draw help on their own
  • 13% changed their username or deleted their profile
  • 10% withdrew from an on-line forum
  • 8% stopped attending certain events that are offline places
  • 5% reported the issue to police force

No matter whether a user made a decision to ignore or react to the harassment, individuals were generally speaking pleased with their result. Some 83% of the whom ignored it and 75% of the whom reacted thought their decision ended up being capable of making the problem better.

Those with more “severe” harassment experiences reacted differently for their latest event with harassment compared to those with less “severe” experiences. Anyone who has ever skilled stalking, real threats, or suffered or intimate harassment had been very likely to take numerous actions in reaction with their incident that is latest compared to those that have just skilled name-calling and embarrassment, 67% vs. 30%. They’ve been very likely to just just take actions like unfriending or blocking the individual accountable, confronting the person online, reporting the individual to an online site or service that is online changing their username or deleting their profile, and closing their attendance at particular offline activities and places.

After-effects of online harassment: expected just just how upsetting their newest knowledge about harassment ended up being, the reactions went a range from being quite jarring to being of no consequence that is real

  • 14% of the who possess skilled harassment that is online their latest incident acutely upsetting
  • 14% found it extremely upsetting
  • 21% stated it absolutely was somewhat upsetting
  • 30% reported it had been a small upsetting
  • 22% discovered it maybe maybe maybe not at all upsetting

Taken together, half found their many recent experience with online harassment only a little or perhaps not at all upsetting. But a significant minority, 27%, discovered the knowledge acutely or extremely upsetting.

Ladies had been much more likely than males to get their many experience that is recent online harassment incredibly or really upsetting—38% of harassed women said so of these newest experience, compared to 17% of harassed males.

Once again, there have been variations in the impact that is emotional of harassment on the basis of the standard of severity one had experienced in past times. Some 37% of these who possess ever skilled sexual harassment, stalking, real threats, or sustained harassment called their newest event with online harassment “extremely” or “very” upsetting compared to 19per cent of the who’ve just skilled name-calling or embarrassment.

With regards to longer-term impacts on reputation, there clearly was a pattern that is similar. A lot more than 80percent of these that have ever been target of name-calling and embarrassment failed to feel their reputation have been harmed by their general experience with online harassment. People who experienced threats that are physical sustained harassment felt differently. About a 3rd felt their reputation was indeed damaged by their experience that is overall with harassment. Overall, 15% of the who possess skilled online harassment stated it impacted their reputation.

Perceptions of online surroundings: To explore the context that informs online harassment, participants had been expected about their basic perceptions of and attitudes toward different online surroundings.

Fully 92% of online users consented that the environment that is online individuals be much more critical of 1 another, weighed against their offline experiences. However a significant bulk, 68%, additionally consented that online environments enable them to be much more supportive of just one another. Some 63% thought online environments enable to get more privacy compared to their offline everyday lives.

Participants had been expected whether a series was thought by them of online platforms had been more inviting toward males, more welcoming toward ladies, or equally inviting to both sexes. The starkest results were for online gaming while most online environments were viewed as equally welcoming to both genders. Some 44% of participants felt the working platform was more welcoming toward men.

Relating to this study

Information in this report are drawn through the Pew Research Center’s United states Trends Panel, a probability-based, nationally representative panel. This study had been carried out May 30 – June 30, 2014 and self-administered via the net by 2,849 internet users, with a margin of mistake of plus or minus 2.4 portion points. To learn more about the American Trends Panel, please see the techniques section at the end of the report.